Artificial insemination with donor sperm (DI)

The medical indications for spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm. donation are: azoospermiaAbsence of spermatozoa in the semen. (no spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm. in the ejaculateSeminal liquid, sperm.), the absence of spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm. in testicular biopsies, the failure of other treatments for male infertilityDifficulty for a man or a woman to procreate as a result of a functional disorder or an organic lesion of the reproductive system, generally acknowledged after one year of regular, unprotected sexual relations. (ICSIFrom English "Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection." Assisted fertilization by microscope, where a single sperm is injected directly into the oocyte. ICSI is indicated in cases of male fertility problems, so if there are only very few normal sperm in the sperm or the fertilization capacity of sperm is extremely small.) or a risk of genetic transmission of disease.

The donor is chosen by the physician responsible for the spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm. bank, so as to correspond as well as possible to the physical characteristics of the future father. The elements taken into account are the body size, hair color, eyes and skin, as well as blood group and Rhesus factor. All frozen semen are put into quarantine in order to make sure that the donor is not a carrier of any transmittable disease through semen, such as the AIDS virus, hepatitis B and C, cytomegalovirus, HTLV-III, etc ...

The timing of intrauterineWithin the uterine cavity. inseminationProcess to facilitate the meeting of spermatozoon and oocyte (egg). Using a catheter, semen prepared for this purpose is brought directly into the uterus. in the woman is determined in the same way as for artificial inseminationProcess to facilitate the meeting of spermatozoon and oocyte (egg). Using a catheter, semen prepared for this purpose is brought directly into the uterus. with the partner's spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm.. The spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm., which is kept at -196 ° C in special straws, is thawed one hour and a half before inseminationProcess to facilitate the meeting of spermatozoon and oocyte (egg). Using a catheter, semen prepared for this purpose is brought directly into the uterus. and subjected to a preparation similar to that used for fresh semen. The inseminationProcess to facilitate the meeting of spermatozoon and oocyte (egg). Using a catheter, semen prepared for this purpose is brought directly into the uterus. procedure is identical to that described for the partner's spermEjaculated spermatozoa and secretions during the male orgasm..

Diagram illustrating the path of the gametes
Migration route of the spermatozoa (diagram by courtesy of Merck Serono)

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